Dog Appeasing Pheromone prevents the testosterone surge, and may reduce contact-dominance and active-submission behaviours after interventions in captive African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus)

Van den Berghe, F., Paris, M.C.J., Sarnyai, Z., Millar, R.P, Ganswindt, A., Cozzi, A., Pageat, P., and Paris, D.B.B.P. (2017) Dog Appeasing Pheromone prevents the testosterone surge, and may reduce contact-dominance and active-submission behaviours after interventions in captive African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). In: [Presented at the European Association of Zoos and Aquariums Annual Conference]. From: EAZA 2017: European Association of Zoos and Aquariums Annual Conference, 19-23 September 2017, Emmen, The Netherlands.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Abstract Only) - Accepted Version
Download (107kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website: https://www.eaza.net/events/eaza-annual-...
 
6


Abstract

African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) have a complex hierarchical social structure that can lead to aggression; resulting in morbidity and mortality of individuals separated from the pack, or during new pack formation. Aggression and stress might be attenuated by Dog Appeasing Pheromone (DAP). Our placebo-controlled, double-blinded study showed an increase in faecal androgen concentrations within the pack after temporary separation, immobilisation and reintroduction of placebo treated animals, but not for DAP treated individuals. Moreover, DAP treated packs tended to show lower rates of contact-dominance and activesubmission behaviour, but higher rates of non-contact dominance behaviour. Faecal corticosteroid levels rose after intervention in both treatments, probably due to immobilisation-related stress. These preliminary findings suggest that DAP could be a useful management tool to reduce hormones and behaviours potentially leading to aggression in captive African wild dogs.

Item ID: 54250
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
Keywords: African wild dog; dog appeasing pheromone; wildlife management; cortisol; androgen; testosterone; faecal hormone analysis; behaviour; stress; aggression; conservation
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2018 03:53
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 20%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060803 Animal Developmental and Reproductive Biology @ 20%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060801 Animal Behaviour @ 60%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960899 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 40%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 60%
Downloads: Total: 6
Last 12 Months: 3
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page