“Tell, tell, tell again”: the prevalence and correlates of young children's response to and disclosure of an in-vivo lure from a stranger

White, Codi, Shanley, Dianne, Zimmer-gembeck, Melanie J., Walsh, Kerryann, Hawkins, Russell, and Lines, Katrina (2018) “Tell, tell, tell again”: the prevalence and correlates of young children's response to and disclosure of an in-vivo lure from a stranger. Child Abuse and Neglect, 82. pp. 134-143.

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Abstract

Despite being a key target outcome to prevent child maltreatment, little research has been conducted to examine the prevalence and predictors of interpersonal safety skills in a standardised manner. In this study, interpersonal safety skills were measured in a Year 1–2 student sample through use of a standardised simulated risk scenario, with three primary skills examined: withdrawal from an unknown confederate (motor safety response), verbal refusal of an abduction lure (verbal safety response) and disclosure of confederate presence. Children who participated in this study had not completed any prior behavioural skills training or child protective education programs. Overall, the prevalence of interpersonal safety skills varied, with 27% children withdrawing from the confederate, 48% refusing the lure and 83% disclosing the confederate's presence. For correlates, motor and verbal safety responses were positively associated with each other. However, the only other correlate of interpersonal safety skills was anxiety, with children who had greater anxiety disclosing earlier but also being more likely to agree to leave with the confederate. Future research may seek to examine whether these correlates remain present with different types of interpersonal safety risk (e.g., bullying) and to identify other potential predictors of interpersonal safety skill use.

Item ID: 54040
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-7757
Keywords: child abuse prevention; disclosure; interpersonal safety skills; elementary school
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Australian Postgraduate Award (APA)
Projects and Grants: ARC LP130100304, APA 2013-2016
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2018 22:57
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 100%
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