Influence of ration level and rearing temperature on hepatic GHR1 and 2, and hepatic and intestinal TR alpha and TR beta gene expression in late stages of rainbow trout embryos

Raine, J.C., Hua, K., Bureau, D.P., Vijayan, M.M., and Leatherland, J.F. (2007) Influence of ration level and rearing temperature on hepatic GHR1 and 2, and hepatic and intestinal TR alpha and TR beta gene expression in late stages of rainbow trout embryos. Journal of Fish Biology, 71 (1). pp. 148-162.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007....
 
8
1


Abstract

The study examined whether the early life-history temperature experience of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss embryos affects subsequent growth and expression of growth-related genes in the growing-up juveniles in response to variations in ration levels. Embryos were reared in a Heath incubator at either 8.5 degrees C (E-8.5) or 6.0 degrees C (E-6.0) until hatching, at which time they were transferred to grow-up tanks supplied with water at 8.5 degrees C. At swim-up, the late stage embryos were subsequently fed a salmonid starter diet at levels of 5, 2 or 0.5% of live body mass per day. The body mass and proximate composition of the juveniles was examined when yolk absorbance was complete (21 days after the fish commenced feeding). Quantitative RT-PCR was used to examine the expression of mRNA encoding for growth hormone receptors 1 and 2 (GHR1 and GHR2) in the liver, and the two isoforms of thyroid hormone receptor (TR alpha and TR beta) in the liver and intestinal tract. Final body mass and total length, liver and intestinal masses, and total lipid content of the E-8.5 treatment group were directly related to increased ration size. These variables in the E-6.0 treatment group fed the 5% ration were significantly lower than for the comparable E-8.5 treatment group, suggesting an effect of embryo rearing temperature on the subsequent growth of these late stage embryos as they undergo the transition from embryo to early juvenile. Intestinal TR alpha and TR beta mRNA abundance was directly related to ration size in the E-8.5 treatment group, but not in the E-6.0 treatment group. Conversely, hepatic TR alpha and TR beta mRNA abundance was significantly affected by ration size only in the E-6.0 group, with TR beta and TR alpha abundance showing direct and inverse relationships with ration size, respectively. Hepatic GHR1 mRNA abundance was significantly and directly related to ration size in both the E-8.5 and E-6.0 treatment groups, but there were no differences in the abundance of hepatic GHR2 mRNA among any treatments.(c) 2007 The Authors Journal compilation. (c) 2007 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.

Item ID: 54023
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-8649
Keywords: embryos, growth hormone receptor, intestinal tract, juveniles, liver, thyroid hormone receptor
Funders: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2018 07:38
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830102 Aquaculture Fin Fish (excl. Tuna) @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 1
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page