Assessing trade-offs in large marine protected areas

Davies, Tammy E., Epstein, Graham, Aguilera, Stacy E., Brooks, Cassandra M., Cox, Michael, Evans, Louisa S., Maxwell, Sara M., Nenadovic, Mateja, and Ban, Natalie C. (2018) Assessing trade-offs in large marine protected areas. PLoS ONE, 13 (4). e0195760.

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Abstract

Large marine protected areas (LMPAs) are increasingly being established and have a high profile in marine conservation. LMPAs are expected to achieve multiple objectives, and because of their size are postulated to avoid trade-offs that are common in smaller MPAs. However, evaluations across multiple outcomes are lacking. We used a systematic approach to code several social and ecological outcomes of 12 LMPAs. We found evidence of three types of trade-offs: trade-offs between different ecological resources (supply trade-offs); trade-offs between ecological resource conditions and the well-being of resource users (supply-demand trade-offs); and trade-offs between the well-being outcomes of different resource users (demand trade-offs). We also found several divergent outcomes that were attributed to influences beyond the scope of the LMPA. We suggest that despite their size, trade-offs can develop in LMPAs and should be considered in planning and design. LMPAs may improve their performance across multiple social and ecological objectives if integrated with larger-scale conservation efforts.

Item ID: 53656
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1932-6203
Copyright Information: © 2018 Davies et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Funders: Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRCC), Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
Projects and Grants: SSHRCC 435-2013-0059, NSERC 435785
Date Deposited: 16 May 2018 07:39
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 50%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070403 Fisheries Management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9613 Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas > 961303 Protected Conservation Areas in Marine Environments @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 50%
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