Role of deposit‐feeding sea cucumbers in integrated multitrophic aquaculture: progress, problems, potential and future challenges

Zamora, Leonardo Nicolas, Yuan, Xiutang, Carton, Alexander Guy, and Slater, Matthew James (2018) Role of deposit‐feeding sea cucumbers in integrated multitrophic aquaculture: progress, problems, potential and future challenges. Reviews in Aquaculture, 10 (1). pp. 57-74.

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There is significant commercial and research interest in the application of sea cucumbers as nutrient recyclers and processors of particulate waste in polyculture or integrated multitrophic aquaculture (IMTA) systems. The following article reviews examples of existing IMTA systems operating with sea cucumbers, and details the role and effect of several sea cucumber species in experimental and pilot IMTA systems worldwide. Historical observations and quantification of impacts of sea cucumber deposit‐feeding and locomotion are examined, as is the development and testing of concepts for the application of sea cucumbers in sediment remediation and site recovery. The extension of applied IMTA systems is reported, from basic piloting through to economically viable farming systems operating at commercial scales. The near‐global recognition of the ecological and economic value of deposit‐feeding sea cucumbers in IMTA applications within existing and developing aquaculture industries is discussed. Predictions and recommendations are offered for optimal development of sea cucumber IMTA globally. Future directions within the industry are indicated, and key areas of ecological, biological and commercial concern are highlighted to be kept in mind and addressed in a precautionary manner as the industry develops.

Item ID: 53524
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1753-5131
Keywords: bioremediation, deposit-feeding, integrated multitrophic aquaculture, sea cucumber, sea ranching, sustainable aquaculture
Copyright Information: © 2016 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Funders: National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), National Marine Public Welfare Research Project of China (NMPWRC)
Projects and Grants: NSFC 30871932, NMPWRC 201305043
Date Deposited: 09 May 2018 07:44
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3005 Fisheries sciences > 300501 Aquaculture @ 100%
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