Assessing physical therapist student sef-efficacy: measurement properties of the physiotherapist self efficacy (PSE) questionnaire

van Lankveld, Wim, Jones, Anne, Brunnekreef, Jaap J., Seeger, Joost P.H., and Staal, J. Bart (2017) Assessing physical therapist student sef-efficacy: measurement properties of the physiotherapist self efficacy (PSE) questionnaire. BMC Medical Education, 17. 250.

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Background: Apart from skills, and knowledge, self-efficacy is an important factor in the students’ preparation for clinical work. The Physiotherapist Self-Efficacy (PSE) questionnaire was developed to measure physical therapy (TP) students’ self-efficacy in the cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neurological clinical areas. The aim of this study was to establish the measurement properties of the Dutch PSE questionnaire, and to explore whether self-efficacy beliefs in students are clinical area specific.

Methods: Methodological quality of the PSE was studied using COSMIN guidelines. Item analysis, structural validity, and internal consistency of the PSE were determined in 207 students. Test-retest reliability was established in another sample of 60 students completing the PSE twice. Responsiveness of the scales was determined in 80 students completing the PSE at the start and the end of the second year. Hypothesis testing was used to determine construct validity of the PSE.

Results: Exploratory factor analysis resulted in three meaningful components explaining similar proportions of variance (25%, 21%, and 20%), reflecting the three clinical areas. Internal consistency of each of the three subscales was excellent (Cronbach’s alpha > .90). Intra Class Correlation Coefficient was good (.80). Hypothesis testing confirmed construct validity of the PSE.

Conclusion: The PSE shows excellent measurement properties. The component structure of the PSE suggests that self-efficacy about physiotherapy in PT students is not generic, but specific for a clinical area. As self-efficacy is considered a predictor of performance in clinical settings, enhancing self-efficacy is an explicit goal of educational interventions. Further research is needed to determine if the scale is specific enough to assess the effect of educational interventions on student self-efficacy.

Item ID: 51771
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1472-6920
Keywords: physical therapist self-efficacy; education; physical therapy students
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2017 22:52
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4201 Allied health and rehabilitation science > 420106 Physiotherapy @ 50%
39 EDUCATION > 3901 Curriculum and pedagogy > 390110 Medicine, nursing and health curriculum and pedagogy @ 25%
39 EDUCATION > 3904 Specialist studies in education > 390402 Education assessment and evaluation @ 25%
SEO Codes: 93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930103 Learner Development @ 25%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920201 Allied Health Therapies (excl. Mental Health Services) @ 50%
93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930101 Learner and Learning Achievement @ 25%
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