Incorporating larval dispersal into MPA design for both conservation and fisheries

Krueck, Nils C., Ahmadia, Gabby N., Green, Alison, Jones, Geoffrey P., Possingham, Hugh P., Riginos, Cynthia, Treml, Eric A., and Mumby, Peter J. (2017) Incorporating larval dispersal into MPA design for both conservation and fisheries. Ecological Applications, 27 (3). pp. 925-941.

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Abstract

Larval dispersal by ocean currents is a critical component of systematic marine protected area (MPA) design. However, there is a lack of quantitative methods to incorporate larval dispersal in support of increasingly diverse management objectives, including local population persistence under multiple types of threats (primarily focused on larval retention within and dispersal between protected locations) and benefits to unprotected populations and fisheries (primarily focused on larval export from protected locations to fishing grounds). Here, we present a flexible MPA design approach that can reconcile multiple such potentially conflicting management objectives by balancing various associated treatments of larval dispersal information. We demonstrate our approach based on alternative dispersal patterns, combinations of threats to populations, management objectives, and two different optimization strategies (site vs. network-based). Our outcomes highlight a consistently high effectiveness in selecting priority locations that are self-replenishing, inter-connected, and/or important larval sources. We find that the opportunity to balance these three dispersal attributes flexibly can help not only to prevent meta-population collapse, but also to ensure effective fisheries recovery, with average increases in the number of recruits at fishing grounds at least two times higher than achieved by standard habitat-based or ad-hoc MPA designs. Future applications of our MPA design approach should therefore be encouraged, specifically where management tools other than MPAs are not feasible.

Item ID: 50716
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1051-0761
Keywords: connectivity, conservation, fisheries management, marine protected areas, marine reserves, Marxan, network, ocean currents
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), World Wildlife Fund, Indonesia, Global Environment Facility (GEF), University of Queensland (UQ)
Projects and Grants: ARC Linkage Project LP120200245, GEF & UQ World Bank Project
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 11:18
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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