Cultural ecosystem services in protected areas: understanding bundles, trade-Offs, and synergies

Ament, Judith M., Moore, Christine A., Herbst, Marna, and Cumming, Graeme S. (2017) Cultural ecosystem services in protected areas: understanding bundles, trade-Offs, and synergies. Conservation Letters, 10 (4). pp. 440-450.

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The concept of ecosystem services (ES) provides a potentially useful tool for decision-making in natural area management. Provisioning and regulating ES often occur in "bundles" that are cohesive because of coprovisioning or codependence. We asked whether individual preferences for cultural benefits also define service bundles. Data from a large survey of visitor preferences (n = 3,131 respondents) from all 19 South African National Parks indicated five bundles of cultural ecosystem services: (1) "natural history," (2) "recreation," (3) "sense of place," (4) "safari experiences," and (5) "outdoor lifestyle." Tradeoffs and synergies between bundles of services depended on the ecosystem providing them and on alignment between demand for services and the supply of particular service bundles in specific ecosystems. Our results show that identifying demand for multiple services can both help us to understand why people visit and value protected areas, and better inform the management choices that influence service provision.

Item ID: 50665
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1755-263X
Keywords: cultural ecosystem services, protected areas, South Africa, bundles, trade-offs, synergies, social preferences
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This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Funders: Natural Research Foundation of South Africa (NRFSF), James S. McDonnell Foundation (JSMF), Percy FitzPatrick Institute (PFI)
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 10:57
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410406 Natural resource management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960699 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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