Attitudes of nurses toward HIV-infected colleagues in Japan

Ishimaru, Tomohiro, Wada, Koji, Arphorn, Sara, and Smith, Derek R. (2017) Attitudes of nurses toward HIV-infected colleagues in Japan. Contemporary Nurse, 53 (2). pp. 133-142.

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Abstract

Background: Nurses may be unwilling to accept HIV-infected colleagues who can continue towork with patients if the provider-to-patient transmission risks have been appropriately assessed.

Aims: To assess the factors associated with nurses' willingness to accept HIV-infected colleagues as coworkers.

Design: Descriptive and cross-sectional.

Methods: An anonymous online survey targeting Japanese nurses working in hospitals or clinics (n=992). Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate factors associated with their willingness to accept HIV-positive colleagues before or after a risk assessment.

Results: Respondents who avoided contact with, and expressed discriminatory views about, HIV-infected colleagues were less willing to accept them. After undertaking an appropriate risk assessment, a high level of knowledge regarding HIV transmission increased the likelihood of acceptance towards HIV-infected colleagues.

Conclusions: The use of risk assessment may increase nurses' willingness to accept HIV-infected colleagues, particularly among co-workers with a high level of knowledge about HIV.

Item ID: 50357
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1037-6178
Keywords: attitudes, HIV infections, Japan, nurses, risk assessment
Funders: National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Japan
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 08:14
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920202 Carer Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920210 Nursing @ 50%
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