Description of the egg cases of Dentiraja polyommata (Rajiformes: Rajidae) and Aysmbolus pallidus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from Queensland, Australia

Rigby, Cassandra L., White, William T., and Kyne, Peter M. (2017) Description of the egg cases of Dentiraja polyommata (Rajiformes: Rajidae) and Aysmbolus pallidus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa, 4294 (3). pp. 329-341.

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Abstract

Descriptions of the egg cases of Dentiraja polyommata (n = 16) and Asymbolus pallidus (n = 44) are provided from egg cases collected from a commercial trawl fishery off Swain Reefs, central Queensland, Australia. Egg cases of D. polyommata are rectangular, convex and golden-tan in colour and those of A. pallidus elongate, vase-shaped and golden. To determine if a comparative statistical non-metric multi-dimensional scaling approach could identify egg cases of species taken in the same region and fishery, egg cases were compared with the skate D. endeavouri and catsharks A. analis, A. rubiginosus and Figaro boardmani. The statistical approach clearly discriminated the species based on five proportional measurements and identified the morphometrics that separated genera and species. This approach is valuable in a fisheries context for accurate identification of visually similar egg cases that can assist management of oviparous chondrichthyans. A rare incidence of intraspecific chondrichthyan cannibalism was noted for A. pallidus males that consumed egg cases of their own species.

Item ID: 50177
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1175-5334
Keywords: shark, skate, egg capsule, oviparous, cannibalism, comparative morphology
Funders: Marine Biodiversity Hub, National Environmental Science Programme (NESP)
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2017 00:27
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060809 Vertebrate Biology @ 80%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 20%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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