Forecasted impact of climate change on infectious disease and health security in Hawaii by 2050

Canyon, Deon, Speare, Rick, and Burkle, Frederick M. (2016) Forecasted impact of climate change on infectious disease and health security in Hawaii by 2050. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 10 (6). pp. 797-804.

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Abstract

Objective: Climate change is expected to cause extensive shifts in the epidemiology of infectious and vector-borne diseases. Scenarios on the effects of climate change typically attribute altered distribution of communicable diseases to a rise in average temperature and altered incidence of infectious diseases to weather extremes.

Methods: Recent evaluations of the effects of climate change on Hawaii have not explored this link. It may be expected that Hawaii's natural geography and robust water, sanitation, and health care infrastructure renders residents less vulnerable to many threats that are the focus on smaller, lesser developed, and more vulnerable Pacific islands. In addition, Hawaii's communicable disease surveillance and response system can act rapidly to counter increases in any disease above baseline and to redirect resources to deal with changes, particularly outbreaks due to exotic pathogens.

Results: The evidence base examined in this article consistently revealed very low climate sensitivity with respect to infectious and mosquito-borne diseases.

Conclusions: A community resilience model is recommended to increase adaptive capacity for all possible climate change impacts rather an approach that focuses specifically on communicable diseases.

Item ID: 49169
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1938-744X
Keywords: disaster planning, disease outbreaks, emergency preparedness, infectious disease medicine
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2017 00:18
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 30%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110309 Infectious Diseases @ 20%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960305 Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change @ 60%
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