Transforming artefacts into digital heritage: developing interactive databases for use by Aboriginal communities

Otto, Ton, and Hardy, Dianna (2016) Transforming artefacts into digital heritage: developing interactive databases for use by Aboriginal communities. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Cultural Heritage Series, 10. pp. 117-132.

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Abstract

This paper deals with the possibilities and challenges of the digitisation of artefacts. It argues that artefacts are complex phenomena that consist of the material objects as well as the various forms of categorization and documentation that are connected with the objects. Digitalisation presents a genuine transformation of the artefacts that opens up new possibilities of use. These include providing access to and facilitating the reappropriation of cultural knowledge stored elsewhere, maintaining and developing a living digital cultural heritage, and gathering, sharing and transferring knowledge that is available within Aboriginal communities. In this paper we examine different types of digital repositories and we assess their suitability for use by Aboriginal communities. We classify a number of institutional archiving systems and analyse in some detail two interactive systems that were specifically designed for use by Aboriginal communities. The paper ends with a set of recommendations for designing digital databases for Indigenous usage.

Item ID: 47639
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1440-4788
Keywords: digital artefacts; cultural heritage; digitisation; interactive database; Gugu Badhun; Ara Irititja
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Australian Government Department of Education and Training (Dept Ed)
Projects and Grants: ARC Project DP110102291, Dept Ed Research Infrastructure Block Grant
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2017 22:44
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2002 Cultural Studies > 200201 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cultural Studies @ 30%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1601 Anthropology > 160104 Social and Cultural Anthropology @ 70%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950503 Understanding Australias Past @ 20%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 40%
95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9503 Heritage > 950302 Conserving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage @ 40%
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