A hybrid CMOS-memristor neuromorphic synapse

Rahimiazghadi, Mostafa, Linares-Barranco, Bernabe, Abbott, Derek, and Leong, Philip (2017) A hybrid CMOS-memristor neuromorphic synapse. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, 11 (2). pp. 434-444.

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Abstract

Although data processing technology continues to advance at an astonishing rate, computers with brain-like processing capabilities still elude us. It is envisioned that such computers may be achieved by the fusion of neuroscience and nano-electronics to realize a brain-inspired platform. This paper proposes a high-performance nano-scale Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS)-memristive circuit, which mimics a number of essential learning properties of biological synapses. The proposed synaptic circuit that is composed of memristors and CMOS transistors, alters its memristance in response to timing differences among its pre- and post-synaptic action potentials, giving rise to a family of Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity (STDP). The presented design advances preceding memristive synapse designs with regards to the ability to replicate essential behaviours characterised in a number of electrophysiological experiments performed in the animal brain, which involve higher order spike interactions. Furthermore, the proposed hybrid device CMOS area is estimated as 600 µm2 in a 0.35 µm process—this represents a factor of ten reduction in area with respect to prior CMOS art. The new design is integrated with silicon neurons in a crossbar array structure amenable to large-scale neuromorphic architectures and may pave the way for future neuromorphic systems with spike timing-dependent learning features. These systems are emerging for deployment in various applications ranging from basic neuroscience research, to pattern recognition, to Brain-Machine-Interfaces.

Item ID: 46904
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: memristors, timing, integrated circuit modeling, neuromorphics, Australia, mathematical model, MIMICs
ISSN: 1940-9990
Funders: University of Sydney (US)
Projects and Grants: US Australian Institute of Nanoscale Science and Technology (AINST) accelerator grant
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2017 03:32
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090604 Microelectronics and Integrated Circuits @ 30%
10 TECHNOLOGY > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100705 Nanoelectronics @ 30%
08 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080108 Neural, Evolutionary and Fuzzy Computation @ 40%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970108 Expanding Knowledge in the Information and Computing Sciences @ 50%
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