Incorporating resilience and cost in ecological restoration strategies at landscape scale

Stefanes, Mauricio, Ochoa-Quintero, Jose Manuel, Oliveira Roque, Fabio, Sayuri Moreira, Larissa, Tambosi, Leandro Reverberi, Lourival, Reinaldo, and Laurance, Susan (2016) Incorporating resilience and cost in ecological restoration strategies at landscape scale. Ecology and Society, 21 (4). 54. pp. 1-11.

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The restoration of deforested or degraded areas can contribute to biodiversity conservation and global resilience given the current and projected impacts of climate change. In recent years, a robust array of ecological restoration frameworks have been generated to address restoration challenges at large scales in different ecosystems around the world. Unfortunately, the costs associated with restoration at such scales greatly challenges the implementation of such frameworks. We used landscape ecology principles with multicriteria optimization of landscape resilience and agricultural productivity as a way to mitigate the trade-offs between production and restoration. We used the Cerrado biome in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, as a case study to apply our framework. We compared three scenarios: minimal legal compliance (MLC); selection by ecological resilience (SER); and selection by restoration cost (SRC). Our results show that increasing the restoration target from MLC (25%) to SER (30%) means moving from 968,316 to 1592 million hectares, which can represent a huge opportunity cost for agricultural lands. However, because costs and resilience are not homogeneously distributed throughout landscapes, we can select areas of intermediate ecological resilience and low cost, for the same restoration area target. This process can reduce potential conflicts and make restoration a more viable process. Our results also reveal some areas that can be particularly important for reconciling agriculture and landscape restoration. Those areas combined high and intermediate resilience and an above average profitability. This could mean that increasing restoration in this area could be very expensive, assuming that our proxy roughly represents the restoration implementation cost. However, there is another important message here, that some areas can be productive at the same time that they maintain levels of resilience above the legal compliance, which facilitates win-win scenarios in human-dominated landscapes.

Item ID: 46717
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1708-3087
Keywords: fragmentation; corridors; restoration
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação (PPEC/UFMS e FCBA/UFG), CAPES, São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), CNPq, Brazil, FUNDECT, Fundação Neotropica do Brasil, Zoneamento Ecológico Econômico de Mato Grosso do Sul
Projects and Grants: ARC FT130101319, CAPES PNPD 13783, FAPESP 2015/25316-6
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2016 04:46
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410405 Environmental rehabilitation and restoration @ 50%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960699 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation not elsewhere classified @ 60%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960799 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified @ 40%
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