Box jellyfish and skin damage: the result of venoms or other factors?

Seymour, Jamie (2005) Box jellyfish and skin damage: the result of venoms or other factors? Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 46 (Supplement 2). A38-A39.

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Envenoming of patients by box jellyfish is caused by the injection of venoms via nematocysts, specialised cell organelles, and may result in significant long term scarring. In other cases, scarring may be minimal, however regular disappearances and re-occurrences of the initial sting marks may continue for up to 2–3 years. Box jellyfish venom has dermo necrotic components and it has often been thought that it is these factors which give rise to the scarring. However, treatment of skin damage due to envenomings from these animals using protocols similar for burn wounds appears to drastically reduce scarring, suggesting that secondary infections are the major cause of damage to the wound. Additionally, the nematocysts used for venom injection by these animals are left embedded in the skin of the victim, and this may play some role in the re-occurrence of injuries with time.

Item ID: 46524
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
ISSN: 1440-0960
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Presented at the Biennial Spring Meeting of the Australasian College of Dermatologists, 29th September - 2 October 2005, Cairns, QLD, Australia.

Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2017 00:17
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060201 Behavioural Ecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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