Measuring the effectiveness of landscape approaches to conservation and development

Sayer, Jeffrey A., Margules, Chris, Boedhihartono, Agni K., Sunderland, Terry, Langston, James D., Reed, James, Riggs, Rebecca, Buck, Louise E., Campbell, Bruce M., Kusters, Koen, Elliott, Chris, Minang, Peter A., Dale, Allan, Purnomo, Herry, Stevenson, James R., Gunarso, Petrus, and Purnomo, Agus (2016) Measuring the effectiveness of landscape approaches to conservation and development. Sustainability Science, 12 (3). pp. 465-476.

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Abstract

Landscape approaches attempt to achieve balance amongst multiple goals over long time periods and to adapt to changing conditions. We review project reports and the literature on integrated landscape approaches, and found a lack of documented studies of their long-term effectiveness. The combination of multiple and potentially changing goals presents problems for the conventional measures of impact. We propose more critical use of theories of change and measures of process and progress to complement the conventional impact assessments. Theories of change make the links between project deliverables, outputs, outcomes, and impacts explicit, and allow a full exploration of the landscape context. Landscape approaches are long-term engagements, but short-term process metrics are needed to confirm that progress is being made in negotiation of goals, meaningful stakeholder engagement, existence of connections to policy processes, and effectiveness of governance. Long-term impact metrics are needed to assess progress on achieving landscapes that deliver multiple societal benefits, including conservation, production, and livelihood benefits. Generic criteria for process are proposed, but impact metrics will be highly situation specific and must be derived from an effective process and a credible theory of change.

Item ID: 46496
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1862-4065
Keywords: conservation and development; conservation impact assessment; conservation theories of change; biodiversity-development trade-offs; integrated landscape approaches to conservation
Funders: Center for International Forestry Research, James Cook University
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2017 05:46
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 30%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 40%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960799 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960906 Forest and Woodlands Land Management @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960707 Trade and Environment @ 30%
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