CCR6− regulatory T cells blunt the restoration of gut Th17 cells along the CCR6–CCL20 axis in treated HIV-1-infected individuals

Loiseau, C., Requena, M., Mavigner, M., Cazabat, M., Carrere, N., Suc, B., Barange, K., Alric, L., Marchou, B., Massip, P., Izopet, J., and Delobel, P. (2016) CCR6− regulatory T cells blunt the restoration of gut Th17 cells along the CCR6–CCL20 axis in treated HIV-1-infected individuals. Mucosal Immunology, 9 (5). pp. 1137-1150.

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Abstract

The gut CD4+ T cells, particularly the T helper type 17 (Th17) subset, are not completely restored in most HIV-1-infected individuals despite combined antiretroviral therapy, when initiated at the chronic phase of infection. We show here that the CCR6–CCL20 chemotactic axis is altered, with reduced CCL20 production by small intestine epithelial cells in treated HIV-1-infected individuals. This leads to impaired CCR6+CD4+ T-cell homing, particularly Th17 cells, to the small intestine mucosa. In contrast, the frequency of gut FoxP3+ T regulatory (Treg) cells, specifically the CCR6− subset, was increased. The resulting imbalance in the Th17/CCR6− Treg ratio and the associated shift from interleukin (IL)-17 to IL-10 and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) blunts CCL20 production by enterocytes, perpetuating a negative feedback for the recruitment of CCR6+CD4+ T cells to the small intestine in treated HIV-1-infected individuals.

Item ID: 46285
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1935-3456
Funders: French National Research Agency (ANR)
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2016 02:44
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060506 Virology @ 50%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060502 Infectious Agents @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 50%
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