The impact of socially-accountable health professional education: a systematic review of the literature

Reeve, Carole, Woolley, Torres, Ross, Simone J., Mohammadi, Leila, Halili, Servando "Ben", Cristobal, Fortunato, Siega-Sur, Jusie Lydia J., and Neusy, A-J. (2017) The impact of socially-accountable health professional education: a systematic review of the literature. Medical Teacher, 39 (1). pp. 67-73.

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Abstract

This literature review describes the impact of health professional schools with a social accountability mandate by identifying characteristics of medical education found to impact positively on medical students, health workforce, and health outcomes of disadvantaged communities. A critical appraisal tool was used to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the published articles. Data are presented as a narrative synthesis due to the variety of methodologies in the studies, and characterized using a logic model. Health professional schools aiming to improve health outcomes for their disadvantaged local communities described collaborative partnerships with communities, equitable selection criteria, and community-engaged placements in underserved areas as positively impacting the learning and attitudes of students. Students of socially accountable schools were more likely to stay in rural areas and serve disadvantaged communities, and were often more skilled than students from more traditional schools to meet the needs of underserved communities. However, published literature on the impact of socially accountable health professional education on communities and health outcomes is limited, with only one study investigating health outcomes. The findings of this literature review guide schools on the inputs likely to maximize their socially accountability outputs and increase their impact on students, local health workforce and local communities.

Item ID: 46244
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1466-187X
Additional Information:

© 2016 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly.

Funders: Atlantic Philanthropies (AP), Training for Health Equity Network (THEnet), Resources for Health Equity (RHE)
Projects and Grants: AP/THEnet grant number 0003
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 22:31
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111708 Health and Community Services @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920206 Health Policy Economic Outcomes @ 33%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920208 Health Inequalities @ 33%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes @ 34%
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