Stepwise regression for recognition of geochemical anomalies: case study in Takab area, NW Iran

Nazarpour, Ahad, Paydar, Ghodratolah Rostami, and Carranza, Emmanuel John M. (2016) Stepwise regression for recognition of geochemical anomalies: case study in Takab area, NW Iran. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 168. pp. 150-162.

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Abstract

Stream sediment geochemical data represent compositional materials derived from various sources, including single or multiple lithologic units, soil types, rocks types, etc. In order to delineate geochemical anomalies, stream sediment geochemical data are usually subjected to suitable multivariate analysis, and not simply using univariate threshold values because these are not reliable for delineation of geochemical anomalies in areas with complex geological units. Relationships among multiple major/trace elements and rock types are more important than single major/trace elements for delineation of geochemical anomalies. In this study we present an approach based on robust stepwise multiple regression using values major oxides (SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3, MnO, and MgO) in stream sediments to predict elemental content related to rock types and to recognize geochemical anomalies. The major/trace element data were subjected to isometric logratio transformation to address the compositional data closure problem. For further examination of the stepwise regression method, its performance was compared to robust principal components analysis (RPCA), median + 2MAD and concentration-area (C-A) fractal methods. The results show that multi-element anomalies obtained by the stepwise regression method, compared to those obtained by the other methods, have stronger spatial association with the known deposits, such as Chichaklo and Ay-Ghale-Si in the Takab 1:25,000 scale geological map (NW) Iran, and the anomalies have stronger spatial correlation with structural features and prospects, and thus can be used as guides to new exploration targets.

Item ID: 45794
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0375-6742
Keywords: stepwise regression, geochemical exploration, geochemical anomaly, Logratio transformation, Takab
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2016 07:32
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040312 Structural Geology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8401 Mineral Exploration > 840199 Mineral Exploration not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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