Humidity-terminated diapause in the tropical braconid parasitoid Microplitis demolitor

Seymour, Jamie E., and Jones, Rhondda E. (2000) Humidity-terminated diapause in the tropical braconid parasitoid Microplitis demolitor. Ecological Entomology, 25 (4). pp. 481-485.

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1. Microplitis demolitor, a solitary braconid parasitoid of Helicoverpa armigera and Helicoverpa punctigera, uses an increase in relative humidity to signal the end of diapause and the re-establishment of direct development.

2. Photoperiod and temperature changes appear not to have a direct influence on the duration or termination of diapause in this species.

3. Once diapause termination is signalled, the adult parasitoids emerge approximately 38 days later.

4. The cue for diapause termination in M. demolitor is different from that used by its hosts and ensures that the parasitoid emerges to find a population of nonmigrating hosts.

5. It appears that the cocoon surrounding the diapausing parasitoid plays a role in diapause termination; parasitoids emerge earlier from diapause if the cocoon is removed but the weight of the intact cocoon does not appear to influence the length of time the parasitoid is in diapause.

Item ID: 45688
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-2311
Keywords: diapause; humidity termination; parasitoid; photoperiod; temperature
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2016 04:03
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060201 Behavioural Ecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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