An improved method for the transformation of Lactobacillus strains using electroporation

Wei, Ming-Qian, Rush, Catherine M., Norman, Julianne M., Hafner, Louise M., Epping, Ronald J., and Timms, Peter (1995) An improved method for the transformation of Lactobacillus strains using electroporation. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 21 (1). pp. 97-109.

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Because of their widespread industrial and medical importance, there is considerable interest in the manipulation and improvement of Lactobacillus strains using modern genetic engineering techniques. However, most reports have focused on industrial strains and often have resulted in non-reproducible transformation efficiencies. We have developed an optimised protocol for electroporating foreign plasmid DNA into clinical strains of lactobacilli. Treatment of the recipient lactobacilli with either lysozyme, glycine or penicillin improved electrotransformation efficiencies up to 480-fold. A critical step in achieving efficient and reproducible electrotransformation of clinical lactobacilli with the plasmid pSA3 was the requirement for a post-pulse recovery time of 2-3 h, combined with the use of sub-inhibitory concentrations of antibiotics in the selective plates. While pNZ17 transformants also benefited from a post-pulse recovery period, good transformation efficiencies could be achieved when plated directly onto selective concentrations of chloramphenicol. We also observed significant differences in electrotransformation efficiencies between our guinea pig vaginal Lactobacillus isolates (maximum of 4.8 x 10(4) transformants/mu g pNZ17 DNA) and the human L. casei strain ATCC 393 (3.7 x 10(6) transformants/mu g pNZ17 DNA). An optimised procedure for the electroporation of plasmid DNA into lactobacilli is described.

Item ID: 44986
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-8359
Keywords: electroporation; cell-wall modification; Lactobacillus; plasmid; transformation
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2016 01:26
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060501 Bacteriology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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