The effect of salinity on the biomass productivity, protein and lipid composition of a freshwater macroalga

Lawton, Rebecca J., de Nys, Rocky, Magnusson, Marie E., and Paul, Nicholas A. (2015) The effect of salinity on the biomass productivity, protein and lipid composition of a freshwater macroalga. Algal Research, 12. pp. 213-220.

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Abstract

A critical knowledge gap in the production of macroalgae for protein (animal feed) and lipid (bioenergy) is the ability of target species to grow in saline groundwater and thereby avoid competition with traditional crops. We assessed the effect of increased salinity (0.11 ppt–3 ppt) on the growth of 5 strains of the freshwater macroalga Oedogonium in laboratory cultures and subsequently on the productivity and biochemical composition in outdoor cultures under ambient conditions. Growth and biomass productivity decreased with increasing salinity in both experiments across all strains. However, in contrast to biomass productivity, protein content increased with increasing salinity and consequently, protein productivity (0.2–0.6 g DW m− 2 day− 1) did not decrease markedly as salinity increased. Salinity had inconsistent effects on the lipid content among the strains, with the content of 2 strains increasing 3 to 4-fold under the 3 ppt treatment compared to 0.11 ppt. However, lipid productivity decreased with increasing salinity for 4 of the 5 strains. Similarly, biomass energy values increased with increasing salinity across all strains while bioenergy productivity decreased. These findings demonstrate that Oedogonium grown in salinities of up to 3 ppt maintains its productivity as a source of protein, potentially for animal feed, but not for bioenergy.

Item ID: 44410
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: salt; salinity tolerance; Oedogonium; bioenergy; cultivation; growth; biochemical composition; aquaculture; macroalgae
ISSN: 2211-9264
Funders: Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), Advanced Manufacturing Cooperative Research Centre (AMCRC)
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2016 06:13
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0607 Plant Biology > 060701 Phycology (incl Marine Grasses) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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