A comparison between traditional kernel-based methods and network analysis: an example from two nearshore shark species

Lédée, Elodie J.I., Heupel, Michelle, Tobin, Andrew J., Knip, Danielle M., and Simpfendorfer, Colin A. (2015) A comparison between traditional kernel-based methods and network analysis: an example from two nearshore shark species. Animal Behaviour, 103. pp. 17-28.

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Abstract

Understanding how marine species use their environment has become increasingly important in management and conservation. Acoustic monitoring allows long-term tracking of marine animal movement that is traditionally analysed using kernel-based home range estimators. These traditional methods, however, are limited because they do not examine movement pathways within activity spaces. Network analysis (NA) provides an alternative approach to traditional home range analysis that treats acoustic receivers as network nodes and analyses movement between nodes. To investigate the utility of NA in identifying core use areas and compare the results with traditional analysis, a case study using acoustically monitored coastal sharks was conducted. To make direct comparisons with static traditional analysis a temporal scale was not explicitly explored. Comparison of traditional analysis and NA demonstrated that both methods provided similar results for identifying core use areas (50% kernel utilization distribution (KUD) equivalent), but that NA tended to overestimate general use areas (95% KUD equivalent) compared to kernel-based methods. Furthermore, frequent bidirectional movements within core use areas were identified by NA, indicating the importance of movement corridors within or between core areas. Movements between acoustic receivers outside core use areas were less frequent and unidirectional suggesting transiting movements. Therefore, NA may be a practical alternative to traditional home range metrics by providing useful data interpretation that allows for a comprehensive picture of animal movement, including identifying core use areas and pathways used.

Item ID: 43385
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-8282
Keywords: acoustic telemetry, animal pathways, Carcharhinus amboinensis Carcharhinus sorrah, kernel utilization distribution, movement pattern
Funders: National Environmental Research Project , James Cook University (JCU)
Projects and Grants: Tropical Ecosystem Hub Project 6.2
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2016 01:06
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 75%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070402 Aquatic Ecosystem Studies and Stock Assessment @ 25%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830102 Aquaculture Fin Fish (excl. Tuna) @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 50%
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