Work-family enrichment and satisfaction: the mediating role of self-efficacy and work-life balance

Chan, Xi Wen, Kalliath, Thomas, Brough, Paula, Siu, Oi-Ling, O'Driscoll, Michael P., and Timms, Carolyn (2016) Work-family enrichment and satisfaction: the mediating role of self-efficacy and work-life balance. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27 (15). pp. 1755-1776.

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Although the direct effects of work–family enrichment on satisfaction are well-documented, previous theoretical predictions and empirical findings of the relationship have been inconsistent. Drawing on social cognitive theory, the current research examined how work–family enrichment contributes to job and family satisfaction by exploring the mediating mechanisms of self-efficacy and work–life balance. This study also empirically validated a new self-efficacy measure using the work–life interface nomological network. A heterogeneous sample of Australian employees (N = 234) from four different organisations responded to two waves of data collection separated by a 12-month interval. Using structural equation modelling, the results of the statistical analysis provided preliminary support for the hypothesised chain mediation model and the newly developed five-item self-efficacy to regulate work and life scale. Specifically, work-to-family enrichment and family-to-work enrichment were positively related to self-efficacy, which in turn had a positive effect on work–life balance. Similarly, work–life balance had a positive impact on job and family satisfaction. Evidence of these relationships over time was demonstrated, thereby emphasising the importance of person–cognitive resources (e.g. self-efficacy) in influencing life outcomes. Validation of the self-efficacy scale also demonstrated robust psychometric properties and criterion validity. Implications of these results were subsequently discussed.

Item ID: 43189
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1466-4399
Keywords: family satisfaction, job satisfaction, self-efficacy to regulate work and life, social cognitive theory, work–family enrichment, work–life balance
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Project
Projects and Grants: ARC DP0770109
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2016 23:52
FoR Codes: 35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3507 Strategy, management and organisational behaviour > 350710 Organisational behaviour @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920504 Occupational Health @ 70%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 30%
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