Nutrient efficacy of microalgae as aquafeed additives for the adult black tiger prawn, Penaeus monodon

Li, Yan, Mangott, Arnold, Kent, Megan, and Pirozzi, Igor (2016) Nutrient efficacy of microalgae as aquafeed additives for the adult black tiger prawn, Penaeus monodon. Aquaculture Research, 47 (11). pp. 3625-3635.

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Abstract

This study used a small amount of several lyophilized microalgae (5% of dry weight in aquafeed) to feed adult black tiger prawns Penaeus monodon for 4 weeks, aiming to promote prawn health and nutritional level. Apart from slight increases in ash content, chlorophyll and b-carotene in the microalgae-added feeds, there was no difference from the commercial diet in their biochemical composition. After 28 days of feeding, prawn body length, body weight, condition index and also total amount of fatty acids and amino acids of the flesh (2nd abdominal segment) were not affected by microalgae additives as compared with the control commercial dietfed group (P > 0.05). Prawns fed the microalgae diets, however, had a relatively better survival rate than those fed the commercial control diet, although no statistical significance was detected in any except for the diatom Melosira sp. The elevated survival rate was concomitant with a higher phagocytosis rate and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the immune response analysis, and significantly a higher astaxanthin content detected in the tail muscle of microalgae diet-fed prawns (5.36–10.78 ng of astaxanthin per gram of muscle DW). These findings demonstrated that low-inclusion microalgal additives in prawn diets over a short feeding period (4 weeks) can result in healthier adult prawn, and hence could contribute to the development of an optimized feeding strategy for prawn aquaculture close to harvesting.

Item ID: 43081
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-2109
Keywords: microalgae efficacy, aquafeed, immune response, nutritional value, feeding optimization, aquaculture sustainable development
Funders: James Cook University, Advanced Manufacturing Cooperative Research Centre (AMCRC)
Projects and Grants: AMCRC Project 2.3.2
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2016 04:13
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830101 Aquaculture Crustaceans (excl. Rock Lobster and Prawns) @ 100%
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