Infection dynamics in frog populations with different histories of decline caused by a deadly disease

Sapsford, Sarah J., Voordouw, Maarten J., Alford, Ross A., and Schwarzkopf, Lin (2015) Infection dynamics in frog populations with different histories of decline caused by a deadly disease. Oecologia, 179 (4). pp. 1099-1110.

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Abstract

Pathogens can drive host population dynamics. Chytridiomycosis is a fungal disease of amphibians that is caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). This pathogen has caused declines and extinctions in some host species whereas other host species coexist with Bd without suffering declines. In the early 1990s, Bd extirpated populations of the endangered common mistfrog, Litoria rheocola, at high-elevation sites, while populations of the species persisted at low-elevation sites. Today, populations have reappeared at many high-elevation sites where they presently co-exist with the fungus. We conducted a capture–mark–recapture (CMR) study of six populations of L. rheocola over 1 year, at high and low elevations. We used multistate CMR models to determine which factors (Bd infection status, site type, and season) influenced rates of frog survival, recapture, infection, and recovery from infection. We observed Bd-induced mortality of individual frogs, but did not find any significant effect of Bd infection on the survival rate of L. rheocola at the population level. Survival and recapture rates depended on site type and season. Infection rate was highest in winter when temperatures were favourable for pathogen growth, and differed among site types. The recovery rate was high (75.7–85.8 %) across seasons, and did not differ among site types. The coexistence of L. rheocola with Bd suggests that (1) frog populations are becoming resistant to the fungus, (2) Bd may have evolved lower virulence, or (3) current environmental conditions may be inhibiting outbreaks of the fatal disease.

Item ID: 41872
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-1939
Keywords: coexistence, disease dynamics, fungus, host-pathogen interactions, infectious disease
Funders: Powerlink Queensland, Australian Research Council (ARC), James Cook University Graduate Research Scheme (JCU GRS)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP0986537
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2015 17:14
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060809 Vertebrate Biology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9604 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species > 960404 Control of Animal Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Forest and Woodlands Environments @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 50%
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