A social–ecological approach to landscape epidemiology: geographic variation and avian influenza

Cumming, Graeme S., Abolnik, Celia, Caron, Alexandre, Gaidet, Nicolas, Grewar, John, Hellard, Eléonore, Henry, Dominic A.W., and Reynolds, Chevonne (2015) A social–ecological approach to landscape epidemiology: geographic variation and avian influenza. Landscape Ecology, 30 (6). pp. 963-985.

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Context: Landscape structure influences host–parasite–pathogen dynamics at multiple scales in space and time. Landscape epidemiology, which connects disease ecology and landscape ecology, is still an emerging field.

Objective: We argue that landscape epidemiology must move beyond simply studying the influence of landscape configuration and composition on epidemiological processes and towards a more comparative, systems approach that better incorporates social–ecological complexity.

Methods: We illustrate our argument with a detailed review, based on a single conceptual systems model, of geographic variation in drivers of avian influenza in Western Europe, Southeast Asia, and Southern Africa.

Results: Our three study regions are similar in some ways but quite different in others. The same underlying mechanisms apply in all cases, but differences in the attributes of key components and linkages (most notably avian diversity, the abiotic environment, land use and land cover, and food production systems) create significant differences in avian influenza virus prevalence and human risk between regions.

Conclusions: Landscape approaches can connect local- and continental-scale elements of epidemiology. Adopting a landscape-focused systems perspective on the problem facilitates the identification of the most important commonalities and differences, guiding both science and policy, and helps to identify elements of the problem on which further research is needed. More generally, our review demonstrates the importance of social–ecological interactions and comparative approaches for landscape epidemiology.

Item ID: 40825
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1572-9761
Keywords: avian influenza; avifauna; complexity; ecological modeling; epidemiology; geographical variation; health policy; health risk; host-parasite interaction; landscape ecology; landscape structure; viral disease, Southeast Asia; Southern Africa; Western Europe, Anatidae; Aves; Avian influenza virus
Additional Information:

This article has an erratum: Cumming, G.S., Abolnik, C., Caron, A., Gaidet, N., Grewar, J., Hellard, E., Henry, D.A.W., and Reynolds, C. (2015) Erratum to: A social–ecological approach to landscape epidemiology: geographic variation and avian influenza. Landscape Ecology, 30. p. 987. DOI:10.1007/s10980-015-0204-6

Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2015 05:15
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050104 Landscape Ecology @ 33%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 33%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070704 Veterinary Epidemiology @ 34%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960501 Ecosystem Assessment and Management at Regional or Larger Scales @ 33%
83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830309 Poultry @ 33%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 34%
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