A new combination in Clematicissus Planch (Vitaceae)

Jackes, Betsy R., and Rossetto, Maurizio (2006) A new combination in Clematicissus Planch (Vitaceae). Telopea, 11 (3). pp. 390-391.

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When the genus Cissus was revised (Jackes 1988) the decision was made to retain the species Cissus opaca F.Muell. in the genus until molecular studies indicated its true affinities. Cissus opaca, an eastern Australian species, shares a number of morphological features with the Western Australian species Clematicissus angustissima (F.Muell.) Planch., and with the South American species Cissus tweedieana (Baker) Planch. These features are: a vine or sprawling shrub; tuberous roots; great variation in size and shape of adult leaves even within the same population; inflorescences arise from one or both branches of a leaf-opposed tendril and flowers are 5-merous. Many of these characteristics are also exhibited by both subspecies of Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drumm (Urton et al. 1986). Clematicissus angustissima can be distinguished from Cissus by the 5-merous flowers, the presence of the inflorescence arising on the tendrils and the structure of the endosperm., as well as from most species of Cissus, as currently circumscribed, by the compound leaves and the fruit which often has more than 1 seed; features also shared by C. opaca. Cissus opaca also exhibits considerable variation in leaf morphology between juvenile and adult leaves in young plants arising from seed as well as in aerial parts developing from the resprouting of the underground tuber; this leaf polymorphism is particularly noticeable for individuals growing in moist situations. Phylogenetic analyses by Rossetto et al. (2002) using sequence data from plastid (the trnL intron) and nuclear (ITS1) DNA strongly supported a clade comprising Cissus opaca and Clematicissus angustissima as being separate from the other Australian species analysed. Thus a new combination is required. Subsequent studies indicate that Cissus tweedieana forms a clade sister to Clematicissus along with Cissus striata Ruiz & Pav., another South American species (Rossetto et al. submitted). A study by Soejima & Wen (2006) indicated that Cissus striata was closely related to several species of Rhoicissus. Further studies, particularly molecular and developmental, are required to resolve these relationships.

Item ID: 4082
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0312-9764
Keywords: Clematicissus Planch; Vitaceae; Cissus; flora and fauna
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Reproduced with permission from Telopea.

Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2009 04:34
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060310 Plant Systematics and Taxonomy @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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