Time perspective, hope, and learning strategy among rural Australian university students

Ganzer, Justin, Caltabiano, Nerina J., and Hajhashemi, Karim (2015) Time perspective, hope, and learning strategy among rural Australian university students. British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science, 10 (4). BJESBS.19449. pp. 1-10.

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Research seeking to improve retention at Universities has traditionally had a focus on student engagement. Temporal orientation has been theorised as having a significant influence on student engagement. Zimbardo's Time Perspective Inventory, the State Hope Scale, and the Study Process Questionnaire were completed by 167 Psychology students attending a rural university. Future Time Perspective and Past Positive were positively correlated with the Hope Pathway subscale. Present Hedonistic Time Perspective was positively correlated with the Agency subscale of Hope. There was a significant difference between deep and surface learners with regards to Future Time Perspective. No significant differences between school leavers and mature-aged students were found for the variables of Time Perspective and Hope. School leavers utilized surface learning strategies, while mature-aged students tended to use deep learning strategies. Current research suggests time perspectives may be helpful in enhancing and supporting academic engagement and persistence in higher education.

Item ID: 39509
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2278-0998
Keywords: student engagement; surface learners; deep learners; school leavers; mature-aged students; time perspective
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© 2015 Ganzer et al.; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2015 02:06
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930101 Learner and Learning Achievement @ 100%
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