Climate change influences on marine infectious diseases: implications for management and society

Burge, Colleen A., Eakin, C. Mark, Friedman, Carolyn S., Froelich, Brett, Hershberger, Paul K., Hofmann, Eileen E., Petes, Laura E., Prager, Katherine C., Weil, Ernesto, Willis, Bette, Ford, Susan E., and Harvell, C. Drew (2014) Climate change influences on marine infectious diseases: implications for management and society. Annual Review of Marine Science, 6. pp. 249-277.

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Abstract

Infectious diseases are common in marine environments, but the effects of a changing climate on marine pathogens are not well understood. Here we review current knowledge about how the climate drives host-pathogen interactions and infectious disease outbreaks. Climate-related impacts on marine diseases are being documented in corals, shellfish, finfish, and humans; these impacts are less clearly linked for other organisms. Oceans and people are inextricably linked, and marine diseases can both directly and indirectly affect human health, livelihoods, and well-being. We recommend an adaptive management approach to better increase the resilience of ocean systems vulnerable to marine diseases in a changing climate. Land-based management methods of quarantining, culling, and vaccinating are not successful in the ocean; therefore, forecasting conditions that lead to outbreaks and designing tools/approaches to influence these conditions may be the best way to manage marine disease.

Item ID: 39243
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1941-1405
Keywords: epizootics, mass mortalities, health, oceans, ocean warming
Funders: National Science Foundation (USA), Atkinson Centre for a Sustaintable Future, California Sea Grant Program, Research and Policy for Infectious Disease Dynamics (RAPIDD) program of the Science and Technology Directorate, U.S. Department of Homeland Security,, National Institutes of Health's Fogarty International Center, NOAA Coastal Ocean Programs, Global Environment Facility/World Bank Targeted Research Program, University of Puerto Rico, Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: NSF Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases grant OCR-1215977, California Sea Grant Program R/FISH-208, NSF/National Institutes of Health , NSF/NIH Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases grant OCE-0813147, NSF/NIH Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases grant OCE-0812913, NSF Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases grant OCR-1216220, NOAA Coastal Ocean Programs grant NA17OP2919, NSF grant OCE-1105142, NSF grant IOS-1017510
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2015 10:35
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 50%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0699 Other Biological Sciences > 069902 Global Change Biology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960399 Climate and Climate Change not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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