A Norfolk Island basalt adze from coastal New South Wales

White, Peter, Reepmeyer, Christian, and Clark, Geoffrey (2014) A Norfolk Island basalt adze from coastal New South Wales. Australian Archaeology, 79. pp. 131-136.

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Abstract

Using portable x-ray fluorescence we re-examine a quadrangular basalt adze collected at Dark Point, coastal New South Wales (NSW), in 1928 and described at that time as 'Polynesian-looking'. Comparison with a wide range of Pacific basalts, including from New Zealand, Australia, Bismarck Archipelago, East Polynesia and Norfolk Island demonstrates that it is made from Norfolk Island basalt. We discuss several scenarios as to its possible origin, concluding that a direct derivation from a Polynesian voyage from Norfolk Island is the most likely. We also suggest that the one-piece fishhook in NSW may derive from a similar source.

Item ID: 39115
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0312-2417
Keywords: geochemical sourcing of basalt; Polynesian voyaging; social interaction;
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2015 03:24
FoR Codes: 21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210102 Archaeological Science @ 50%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210106 Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl New Zealand) @ 40%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Archaeology @ 10%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950503 Understanding Australias Past @ 20%
95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950599 Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified @ 80%
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