Disturbance influences the invasion of a seagrass into an existing meadow

McKenzie, Len J., Yoshida, Rudi L., and Unsworth, Richard K.F. (2014) Disturbance influences the invasion of a seagrass into an existing meadow. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 86 (1-2). pp. 186-196.

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Abstract

Future impacts from climate change and human activities may increase the likelihood of invasions of native marine species into existing habitats as a result of range shifts. To provide an understanding of the invasion of a native seagrass species (Syringodium isoetifolium) into a tropical multi-species meadow, detailed field assessments were conducted over a six year period. After establishing in a discrete patch, the extent and standing crop of S. isoetifolium increased 800 and 7000 fold, respectively, between 1988 and 2003 (~300–260,000 m2 and <1 kg DW to 7596 ± 555 kg DW). The expansion of S. isoetifolium was confined to subtidal areas and appears primarily from clonal growth. The observed expansion of this species into a new locality was found to be clearly influenced by cumulative impacts and chronic small-scale physical disturbances. This study has immediate relevance to managing impacts which influence the spread of invasive species.

Item ID: 38473
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: seagrass, invasive species, disturbance, tropical, Great Barrier Reef
ISSN: 1879-3363
Funders: CRC Reef Research Centre Ltd., Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), Fisheries Queensland
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2015 01:33
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050103 Invasive Species Ecology @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 20%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 50%
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