Multi-scale process models to enable the embedding of CFD derived functions: curtain drag in flighted rotary dryers

Lee, Andrew, Sheehan, Madoc, and Schneider, Phil (2014) Multi-scale process models to enable the embedding of CFD derived functions: curtain drag in flighted rotary dryers. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Oil and Gas, Metallurgical and Process Industries. pp. 1-9. From: CFD 2014: 10th International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Oil and Gas, Metallurgical and Process Industries, 17-19 June 2014, Trondheim, Norway.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Download (420kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website: http://www.sintef.no/globalassets/projec...
 
116


Abstract

Flighted rotary dryers are large industrial devices which are commonly used to dry mineral ores and mineral concentrates, as well as other valuable commodity products. They are high capital cost units as well as large consumers of energy. Solids movement and energy exchanges within these devices occurs via a range of complex mechanisms that involve rolling and bouncing in a dense bed of solids, as well as the falling through a cross-flowing gas stream in lean particle curtains. Although a fundamental approach is attractive, full CFD simulations of such devices would be prohibitively expensive. The complexity of such a model would preclude its use for design and control applications, which are the most prevalent concerns to industry. Pseudo-physical compartment modelling is a powerful alternative technique that can be used to reproduce, in a physically meaningful way, the important characteristics of dryers such as residence time distributions and loading states. This scalable modelling approach also provides a convenient multiscale structure that facilitates the representation of a system (in this case a flighted rotary dryer) as a series of smaller, distinctive, interacting phases. It is these smaller phase structures, such as the air-borne phase, that are suitable for modelling with either CFD or DEM type approaches. In this paper CFD modelling of single particle curtains and multiple side-by-side particle curtains is presented, with particular emphasis on quantifying gas induced drag and gas penetration into the curtain phase. The results are discussed in terms of their suitability to integrate CFD derived phase information within the broad process model. The simulations described in this paper provide valuable insights into the dryer design considerations such as flight serrations and axial flight staggering. The methodology presented in this paper provides an example that could be adapted to enable the evaporation, convection and radiation heat transfer in curtains to be accounted for.

Item ID: 38454
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
ISBN: 978-82-14-05741-6
Keywords: CFD; compartment model; particle curtain; drag; multi-scale; dryers
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 11 May 2015 23:50
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091503 Engineering Practice @ 33%
09 ENGINEERING > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091599 Interdisciplinary Engineering not elsewhere classified @ 34%
09 ENGINEERING > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091504 Fluidisation and Fluid Mechanics @ 33%
SEO Codes: 85 ENERGY > 8507 Energy Conservation and Efficiency > 850703 Industrial Energy Conservation and Efficiency @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 116
Last 12 Months: 4
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page