Cyclization of conotoxins to improve their biopharmaceutical properties

Clark, Richard J., Akcan, Muharrem, Kaas, Quentin, Daly, Norelle L., and Craik, David J. (2012) Cyclization of conotoxins to improve their biopharmaceutical properties. Toxicon, 59 (4). pp. 446-455.

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Abstract

Conotoxins are disulfide-rich peptides from the venoms of marine cone snails that are used in prey capture. Due to their exquisite potency and selectivity for different ion channels, receptors and transporters they have attracted much interest as leads in drug design. This article gives a brief background on conotoxins, describes their structures and highlights methods for synthetic cyclization to improve their biopharmaceutical properties. The proximity of the N and C termini of many conotoxins makes them particularly suitable for cyclization with linkers of on average five to seven amino acids. By linking the ends of conotoxins it is possible to significantly decrease their susceptibility to proteolysis without loss of their intrinsic biological activity. Here, the principles of conotoxin cyclization are illustrated with applications to the α- and χ- conotoxin classes, which have been implicated as leads for the treatment of pain and a range of other disorders including neuroprotection, schizophrenia, depression and cancer.

Item ID: 36752
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-3150
Keywords: conotoxins, cyclization, cyclic peptides, drug design, cyclotides, marine toxins
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP1093115, NHMRC ID63145
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2014 04:10
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics > 110106 Medical Biochemistry: Proteins and Peptides (incl Medical Proteomics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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