Effect of Ostertagia circumcincta excretory/secretory products on gastrin release in vitro

Lawton, D.E.B., Wigger, H., Simcock, D.C., and Simpson, H.V. (2002) Effect of Ostertagia circumcincta excretory/secretory products on gastrin release in vitro. Veterinary Parasitology, 104 (3). pp. 243-255.

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Abstract

It has been suggested that parasite excretory/secretory (ES) products may be capable of direct stimulation of gastrin secretion and of contributing to the hypergastrinaemia typical of abomasal parasitism. Ostertagia circumcincta ES products were tested on an ovine antral mucosal preparation which had been developed for a pharmacological study of gastrin secretion in the sheep. Its responsiveness to chemical stimulation was established by stimulation with amino acids and amines: tryptophan (0.1–5 mM) and phenylalanine (10–100 mM) stimulated gastrin release (151–160 and 117–129%, respectively), whereas glycine (0.1–100 mM) was without effect; ammonium sulphate, but not sodium sulphate, stimulated gastrin release in concentrations from 1 mM (122%) to 50 mM (148%). ES products were prepared by incubation of exsheathed third-stage larvae (L3) or parasites recovered on Day 8 p.i. (L4), Day 12 p.i. (10% L4, 90% immature adults), Day 21 p.i. (5% L4, 30% immature adults, 65% adults), Day 22 p.i. (20% immature adults, 80% adults), Day 30 p.i. (adults) and Day 35 p.i. (adults), or a mixed-age parasite population. Worms were recovered from agar and incubated in either distilled water or Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS) adjusted to pH 2.5, 3.5, 4.5, 5.0 or 7.4. HBSS pH 7.4 was also prepared with antibiotics, without glucose, and with antibiotics but without glucose. Survival of Day 21 and 35 worms and exsheathed L3 in water or in a series of HBSS adjusted to pH 2.5, 3.5, 4.5, 5.0 or 7.4 was assessed from the percentage of motile parasites. L3 slowly became immotile over several days except in HBSS pH 2.5, in which survival was reduced, whereas adult worms did not tolerate incubation at 37 °C in water or HBSS at pH 2.5, retained motility for about 2 days at pH 3.5, but survived well at pH 4.5 and above. Incubates prepared from all stages of O. circumcincta, both in media favourable and unfavourable for parasite survival, failed to stimulate consistently the secretion of gastrin by tissue from both parasite-naive and previously exposed sheep, whereas a considerable number of incubates were significantly inhibitory. The inhibitor may not be produced by the nematodes, but by contaminating abomasal or environmental microflora, as inhibitory activity was predominantly generated by prolonged incubation, it was less potent when glucose was omitted and was not present in media containing antibiotics. This study did not find evidence for a gastrin stimulant in O. circumcincta ES products, but did demonstrate the acid intolerance of adult worms and suggests that abomasal microbes may be capable of modulating the secretory activity of the host digestive tract.

Item ID: 36382
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: gastrin; Ostertagia circumcincta; ES products; acid tolerance
ISSN: 1873-2550
Funders: C. Alma Baker Trust, E. & C. Thoms Bequest, Massey University
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2015 23:53
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0606 Physiology > 060602 Animal Physiology - Cell @ 50%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070708 Veterinary Parasitology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences @ 50%
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