Evaluation of recombinant proteins of Neospora caninum as vaccine candidates (in a mouse model)

Ellis, John, Miller, Catherine, Quinn, Helen, Ryce, Cheryl, and Reichel, Michael P. (2008) Evaluation of recombinant proteins of Neospora caninum as vaccine candidates (in a mouse model). Vaccine, 26 (47). pp. 5989-5996.

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Abstract

Abortion, resulting from infections by the parasite Neospora caninum, is a major cause of economic loss to both the dairy and beef industries of cattle-producing countries of the world. Vaccination as a means of preventing abortion and/or infection represents a viable control strategy; indeed a commercial vaccine is available in some countries, albeit of unknown efficacy. The commercial vaccine is based on inactivated tachyzoites of N. caninum but other approaches based on lysates and recombinant antigens of N. caninum may also be feasible. In this study we have used an immunisation/challenge model of transplacental transmission, based on the Qs mouse with an Nc-Liverpool challenge, to investigate the vaccine potential of a number of formulations based on four recombinant proteins of N. caninum (GRA1, GRA2, MIC10, and p24B). All formulations studied were immunogenic in the mouse when assessed by ELISA using sonicated tachyzoite antigen as the target antigen. In one experiment, a mixture of MIC10 and p24B produced partial protection against transplacental transmission of N. caninum in this mouse model; in contrast a live infection of tachyzoites of NC-Nowra given before pregnancy always induces very high levels of protective immunity. The field of vaccines against Neospora-associated abortion in cattle is discussed.

Item ID: 34596
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2518
Keywords: Neospora caninum; abortion; recombinant protein; mouse model; transplacental transmission; live vaccine
Funders: Novartis Animal Vaccines, UK
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2014 03:17
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0702 Animal Production > 070205 Animal Protection (Pests and Pathogens) @ 60%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070705 Veterinary Immunology @ 20%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070708 Veterinary Parasitology @ 20%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830302 Dairy Cattle @ 30%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences @ 35%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 35%
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