Quaternary coral reef refugia preserved fish diversity

Pellissier, Loïc, Leprieur, Fabien, Parravicini, Valeriano, Cowman, Peter F., Kulbicki, Michel, Litsios, Glenn, Olsen, Steffen M., Wisz, Mary S., Bellwood, David R., and Mouillot, David (2014) Quaternary coral reef refugia preserved fish diversity. Science, 344 (6187). pp. 1016-1019.

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Abstract

The most prominent pattern in global marine biogeography is the biodiversity peak in the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Yet the processes that underpin this pattern are still actively debated. By reconstructing global marine paleoenvironments over the past 3 million years on the basis of sediment cores, we assessed the extent to which Quaternary climate fluctuations can explain global variation in current reef fish richness. Comparing global historical coral reef habitat availability with the present-day distribution of 6316 reef fish species, we find that distance from stable coral reef habitats during historical periods of habitat loss explains 62% of the variation in fish richness, outweighing present-day environmental factors. Our results highlight the importance of habitat persistence during periods of climate change for preserving marine biodiversity.

Item ID: 34099
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-9203
Funders: Danish Council for Independent Research (DCIR), Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship (FISHECO), Fondation pour la Recherche sur la Biodiversité (FRB), Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: DCIR grant no. 12-126430 , FISHECO agreement no. IOF-GA-2009-236316, FRB project CESAB-GASPAR
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2014 09:26
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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