Geochronology and thermochronometry of the Jiapigou gold belt, northeastern China: new evidence for multiple episodes of mineralization

Deng, Jun, Yuan, Wanming, Carranza, Emmanual John Muico, Yang, Liqiang, Wang, Changming, Yang, Liya, and Hao, Nana (2014) Geochronology and thermochronometry of the Jiapigou gold belt, northeastern China: new evidence for multiple episodes of mineralization. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 89. pp. 10-27.

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Abstract

The Jiapigou gold belt, one of the most important gold-producing districts in China, is located in the northern margin of the North China Craton. In this belt, auriferous quartz vein types of gold deposits dominantly exist besides a few disseminated types of ore deposits. Though some research papers have been published about this belt, the mineralization ages of the gold deposits within this region are still controversial. This work uses zircon U–Pb, fission-track and 40Ar/39Ar dating methods to probe the timings and numbers of episodes of gold mineralization in the Jiapigou gold belt. The zircon U–Pb ages can be divided into four groups: 166–170 Ma, 208 Ma, 228.9–230.0 Ma and 2342–2536 Ma. The fission-track ages on zircons from ores show three groups of ages: 86–106 Ma, 120–138 Ma and 153–155 Ma. The 40Ar/39Ar ages on biotite and K-feldspar coincide with the ages mentioned above. A total of five age groups have first been revealed: 230.0–228.9 Ma, ∼208 Ma, 170–153 Ma, 138–120 Ma and 106–88 Ma. Because the samples come from mineralized and altered rocks, or because the zircons belong to hydrothermal type, the five age groups could indicate five episodes of gold mineralization with the three middle age groups being most plausible. It is the multiple episodes of mineralization that resulted in the occurrence of large-scale gold deposits in the Jiapigou belt. Remarkably, the ages of tectonic–magmatic events coincide well with the dated mineralization periods. Therefore, each episode of mineralization was closely related to regional plate activities in different epochs.

Item ID: 33462
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1878-5786
Keywords: mineralization age; metallogenic periods; zircon U–Pb dating; fission track dating; 40Ar/39Ar dating; Jiapigou gold belt; northern China
Funders: Nature Science Foundation of China
Projects and Grants: Nature Science Foundation of China Project No. 41230311, Nature Science Foundation of China Project No. 41172088, Nature Science Foundation of China Project No. 40872068, Nature Science Foundation of China Project No. 40872141, Nature Science Foundation of China Project No. 10475093, Nature Science Foundation of China Project No. 10175076
Date Deposited: 29 May 2014 06:04
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040303 Geochronology @ 45%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040399 Geology not elsewhere classified @ 45%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040307 Ore Deposit Petrology @ 10%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8401 Mineral Exploration > 840199 Mineral Exploration not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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