Does genetic distance between parental species influence outcomes of hybridization among coral reef butterflyfishes?

Montanari, Stefano R., Hobbs, Jean-Paul A., Pratchett, Morgan S., Bay, Line K., and Van Herwerden, Lynne (2014) Does genetic distance between parental species influence outcomes of hybridization among coral reef butterflyfishes? Molecular Ecology, 23 (11). pp. 2757-2770.

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Christmas Island is located at the overlap of the Indian and Pacific Ocean marine provinces and is a hot spot for marine hybridization. Here, we evaluate the ecological framework and genetic consequences of hybridization between butterflyfishes Chaetodon guttatissimus and Chaetodon punctatofasciatus. Further, we compare our current findings to those from a previous study of hybridization between Chaetodon trifasciatus and Chaetodon lunulatus. For both species groups, habitat and dietary overlap between parental species facilitate frequent heterospecific encounters. Low abundance of potential mates promotes heterospecific pair formation and the breakdown of assortative mating. Despite similarities in ecological frameworks, the population genetic signatures of hybridization differ between the species groups. Mitochondrial and nuclear data from C. guttatissimus × C. punctatofasciatus (1% divergence at cyt b) show bidirectional maternal contributions and relatively high levels of introgression, both inside and outside the Christmas Island hybrid zone. In contrast, C. trifasciatus × C. lunulatus (5% cyt b divergence) exhibit unidirectional mitochondrial inheritance and almost no introgression. Back-crossing of hybrid C. guttatissimus × C. punctatofasciatus and parental genotypes may eventually confound species-specific signals within the hybrid zone. In contrast, hybrids of C. trifasciatus and C. lunulatus may coexist with and remain genetically distinct from the parents. Our results, and comparisons with hybridization studies in other reef fish families, indicate that genetic distance between hybridizing species may be a factor influencing outcomes of hybridization in reef fish, which is consistent with predictions from terrestrially derived hybridization theory.

Item ID: 33421
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-294X
Keywords: Chaetodontidae, Christmas Island, hybrid ecology, introgression, newhybrids, structure
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A version of this publication was included as Chapter 3 of the following PhD thesis: Montanari, Stefano R. (2018) Causes and consequences of natural hybridisation among coral reef butterflyfishes (Chaetodon: Chaetodontidae). PhD thesis, James Cook University, which is available Open Access in ResearchOnline@JCU. Please see the Related URLs for access.

Funders: AIMS@JCU, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
Date Deposited: 28 May 2014 01:39
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060411 Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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