Coral health and disease in the Spermonde Archipelago and Wakatobi, Sulawesi

Muller, Erinn M., Raymundo, Laurie J., Willis, Bette L., Haapkylä, Jessica, Yusuf, Syafyudin, Wilson, Joanne R., and Harvell, Drew C. (2012) Coral health and disease in the Spermonde Archipelago and Wakatobi, Sulawesi. Journal of Indonesian Coral Reefs, 1 (3). pp. 147-159.

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Preliminary surveys for coral disease were conducted in October 2011 as part of the first Indonesian coral health workshop in Barranglompo Island, part of the Spermonde Islands, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Previous coral disease surveys conducted in Wakatobi National Park (WNP), South-East Sulawesi in 2005 and 2007, and qualitative surveys in April 2011, are included here to provide an overview of what is known about coral disease in Sulawesi and to compare results with reports from other regions of the world. On all reefs surveyed in these two locations, levels of coral disease were relatively low compared with global averages from other locations. In preliminary surveys of Spermonde reefs, the most significant syndrome detected was white syndromes, which affected 13 different coral genera. The most significant syndromes detected in WNP were white syndromes, black band disease, and a yellow tissue discoloration syndrome that was similar macroscopically to Caribbean yellow band disease. Although overall coral disease prevalence was low in Barranglompo and WNP, there is the potential for greater impacts of coral disease as anthropogenic influences increase and the oceans continue to warm. This study provides preliminary baseline data on the impact of coral disease within the reefs of Sulawesi, Indonesia, the center of coral reef biodiversity.

Item ID: 32601
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2089-8231
Keywords: coral disease, Barranglompo Island, Wakatobi National Park, Sulawesi
Additional Information:

Abstract (Indonesian): Survei pendahuluan terhadap penyakit karang dilakukan pada bulan Oktober 2011 sebagai bagian dari persiapan workshop penyakit karang di Indonesia. Penelitian sebelumnya telah dilakukan di TN Wakatobi Sulawesi Tenggara tahun 2005 dan 2007, dan kemudian survei secara kualitatif dilakukan pada bulan April 2011. Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui penyakit karang di Sulawesi dan membandingkannya dengan hasil temuan di lokasi lain di dunia. Dari kedua lokasi yang disurvei, prevalensi penyakit karang relatif rendah dibandingkan kejadian di tempat lain di dunia. Penyakit sindrom yang banyak ditemukan di TN Wakatobi adalah white syndrome, black band disease, dan yellow tissue discoloration syndrome dimana secara makroskopik mirip dengan yellow band disease di Karibia. Di Kepulauan Spermonde, penyakit karang yang paling umum adalah white syndrome (WS) yang menyerang 13 genera karang. Meskipun prevalensi penyakit karang di P. Barranglompo dan Wakatobi relatif rendah, namun kedua lokasi berpotensi dampak lebih besar karena pengaruh peningkatan aktivitas manusia dan bila suhu perairan terus memanas. Penelitian ini menyediakan data dasar mengenai dampak penyakit karang terhadap terumbu karang di Sulawesi, Indonesia yang merupakan pusat keanekaragaman terumbu karang.

Funders: National Science Foundation, Mote Marine Laboratory
Projects and Grants: National Science Foundation Program OCE-1145070
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2014 22:50
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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