Improving the packing density of calcium phosphate coating on a magnesium alloy for enhanced degradation resistance

Kannan, M. Bobby (2013) Improving the packing density of calcium phosphate coating on a magnesium alloy for enhanced degradation resistance. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 101A (5). pp. 1248-1254.

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View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.34423
 
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Abstract

In this study, an attempt was made to improve the packing density of calcium phosphate (CaP) coating on a magnesium alloy by tailoring the coating solution for enhanced degradation resistance of the alloy for implant applications. An organic solvent, ethanol, was added to the coating solution to decrease the conductivity of the coating solution so that hydrogen bubble formation/bursting reduces during the CaP coating process. Experimental results confirmed that ethanol addition to the coating solution reduces the conductivity of the solution and also decreases the hydrogen evolution/bubble bursting. In vitro electrochemical experiments, that is, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization showed that CaP coating produced in 30% (v/v) ethanol containing coating solution (3E) exhibits significantly higher degradation resistance (i.e., ~50% higher polarization resistance and ~60% lower corrosion current) than the aqueous solution coating. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of the coatings revealed that the packing of 3E coating was denser than that of aqueous coating, which can be attributed to the lower hydrogen evolution in the former than in the latter. Further increase in the ethanol content in the coating solution was not beneficial; in fact, the coating produced in 70% (v/v) ethanol containing solution (7E) showed degradation resistance much inferior to that of the aqueous coating, which is due to low thickness of 7E coating.

Item ID: 32296
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: magnesium; calcium phosphate; degradation; electrochemistry
ISSN: 1552-4965
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2014 23:59
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090301 Biomaterials @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8610 Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Mineral Products > 861002 Ceramics @ 50%
86 MANUFACTURING > 8612 Fabricated Metal Products > 861203 Metal Castings @ 50%
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