China's economic growth and environmental protection

Hong, Dayong, Xiao, Chenyang, and Lockie, Stewart (2014) China's economic growth and environmental protection. In: Lockie, Stewart, Sonnenfeld, David A., and Fisher, Dana R., (eds.) Routledge International Handbook of Social and Environmental Change. Routledge International Handbooks . Routledge, London, UK, pp. 45-57.

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[Extract] Modem China is one of the main engines of global economic growth. A three-decade-long trend of annual GDP growth of around 9 per cent was maintained through the global financial crisis 2007-2012 and residents' average incomes, consumption and savings continue to improve (NBS 2011). Thus, China's per capita GDP increased from 379 yuan per annum in 1978 to 29,920 yuan in 2010. Per capita disposable income for urban households grew from 343 to 19,109 yuan over the same period and for rural households from 134 to 5,919 yuan. This is reflected in consumption, which rose from 405 yuan per annum in 1978 to 15.907 yuan in 2010 for urban Chinese and from 138 to 4,455 yuan for rural Chinese. Household savings over this period increased by a factor of 1,439. Living standards have risen and many Chinese, positively, have been lifted out of poverty (NBS 2011). However, questions remain as to the ecological and public health costs of such rapid and sustained economic growth. Even as growth has slowed slightly in coastal centres such as Beijing and Shanghai in response to government efforts to control inflation and unemployment, and achieve more balanced income distribution, etc., economic growth in the vast central and western regions of China has accelerated.

Item ID: 30949
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-415-78279-1
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2014 02:32
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160801 Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation and Social Impact Assessment @ 40%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160802 Environmental Sociology @ 60%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960504 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments @ 60%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960601 Economic Incentives for Environmental Protection @ 20%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960707 Trade and Environment @ 20%
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