The Coral Sea: physical environment, ecosystem status and biodiversity assets

Ceccarelli, Daniela M., McKinnon, A. David, Andréfouët, Serge, Allain, Valerie, Young, Jock, Gledhill, Daniel C., Flynn, Adrian, Bax, Nicholas J., Beaman, Robin, Borsa, Philippe, Brinkman, Richard, Bustamante, Rodrigo H., Campbell, Robert, Cappo, Mike, Cravatte, Sophie, D'Agata, Stéphanie, Dichmont, Catherine M., Dunstan, Piers K., Dupouy, Cécile, Edgar, Graham, Farman, Richard, Furnas, Miles, Garrigue, Claire, Hutton, Trevor, Kulbicki, Michel, Letourneur, Yves, Lindsay, Dhugal, Menkes, Christophe, Mouillot, David, Parravicini, Valeriano, Payri, Claude, Pelletier, Bernard, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ridgway, Ken, Rodier, Martine, Samadi, Sarah, Schoeman, David, Skewes, Tim, Swearer, Steven, Vigliola, Laurent, Wantiez, Laurent, Williams, Alan, Williams, Ashley, and Richardson, Anthony J. (2013) The Coral Sea: physical environment, ecosystem status and biodiversity assets. In: Lesser, Michael, (ed.) Advances in Marine Biology. Advances in Marine Biology, 66 . Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 213-290.

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Abstract

The Coral Sea, located at the southwestern rim of the Pacific Ocean, is the only tropical marginal sea where human impacts remain relatively minor. Patterns and processes identified within the region have global relevance as a baseline for understanding impacts in more disturbed tropical locations. Despite 70 years of documented research, the Coral Sea has been relatively neglected, with a slower rate of increase in publications over the past 20 years than total marine research globally. We review current knowledge of the Coral Sea to provide an overview of regional geology, oceanography, ecology and fisheries. Interactions between physical features and biological assemblages influence ecological processes and the direction and strength of connectivity among Coral Sea ecosystems. To inform management effectively, we will need to fill some major knowledge gaps, including geographic gaps in sampling and a lack of integration of research themes, which hinder the understanding of most ecosystem processes.

Item ID: 30132
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-12-408096-6
ISSN: 0065-2881
Keywords: tropical sea; ecosystem function; connectivity; food web; pristine ecosystems; collaborative research
Funders: Australian Government’s National Environmental Research Program (NERP), CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Research Flagship , Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC Future Fellowship FT0991722
Date Deposited: 14 May 2014 05:03
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040305 Marine Geoscience @ 20%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0405 Oceanography > 040503 Physical Oceanography @ 40%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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