Ecology of rocky reef fish of northeastern New Zealand: 50 years on

Jones, G.P. (2013) Ecology of rocky reef fish of northeastern New Zealand: 50 years on. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 47 (3). pp. 334-359.

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Abstract

This review examines the history and current understanding of the ecology of rocky reef fishes in northeastern New Zealand, marking the fiftieth anniversary of the Leigh Marine Laboratory. The cumulative number of publications increased steadily to c. 180 by 2012. Most attention has been on the snapper (Pagrus auratus, f. Sparidae), the largest in size and economically most important species, and on triplefins (Tripterygiidae), the smallest in size and most diverse family. A strong quantitative school emerged in the 1980s, a period when there was little research on temperate reef fishes elsewhere. A 'bottom-up' view of the effects of habitat structure on fish emerged, identifying the key roles of depth, topography and macroalgae. By 2000, attention shifted to using marine reserves as laboratories for ecological research. A 'top-down' view of fish as predators emerged, documenting cascading effects on prey communities and habitats. The two different viewpoints have not yet been integrated. Research gaps, including population connectivity and climate change, represent major challenges for the next 50 years.

Item ID: 29507
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1175-8805
Keywords: habitat structure, herbivory, kelp forest, Leigh Marine Laboratory, marine reserve, population dynamics, predation, rocky-reef fish, trophic ecology
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2013 05:25
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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