Validation of the Job Demands-Resources model in cross-national samples: cross-sectional and longitudinal predictions of psychological strain and work engagement

Brough, Paula, Timms, Carolyn, Siu, Oi-ling, Kalliath, Thomas, O'Driscoll, Michael P., Sit, Cindy H.P., Lo, Danny, and Lu, Chang-qin (2013) Validation of the Job Demands-Resources model in cross-national samples: cross-sectional and longitudinal predictions of psychological strain and work engagement. Human Relations, 66 (10). pp. 1311-1335.

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Abstract

The Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model proposes that employee health and performance are dependent upon direct and interacting perceptions of job demands and job resources. The JD-R model has been tested primarily with small, cross-sectional, European samples. The current research extends scholarly discussions by evaluating the full JD-R model for the prediction of psychological strain and work engagement, within a longitudinal research design with samples of Australian and Chinese employees (N = 9404). Job resources (supervisor support and colleague support) accounted for substantial variance, supporting the motivational hypothesis of the JD-R model. However, minimal evidence was found for the strain hypothesis of the JD-R model. The interactions of job demands and job resources were not evident, with only one from 16 interaction tests demonstrating significance. We discuss explanations for our findings. The implications of testing western-derived organizational behavior theories among employees employed in Asian regions, especially in regard to the increasing 'westernization' of many Asian organizations and their employees, are also discussed.

Item ID: 29459
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1741-282X
Keywords: colleague support, Jobs Demands-Resources, psychological strain, supervisor support, work engagement
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: Work-Life Balance Project
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2013 23:22
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology @ 34%
15 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 1503 Business and Management > 150305 Human Resources Management @ 33%
15 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 1503 Business and Management > 150311 Organisational Behaviour @ 33%
SEO Codes: 91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9104 Management and Productivity > 910401 Industrial Relations @ 60%
91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9104 Management and Productivity > 910402 Management @ 40%
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