Chinese and English proactive interference in immediate recall in bilinguals: the role of phonological coding and language dominance

Suárez Abalos, Lidia (2005) Chinese and English proactive interference in immediate recall in bilinguals: the role of phonological coding and language dominance. In: Abstracts of the International Symposium on Processability, Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism (5) From: 5th International Symposium on Processability, Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism, 26-28 September 2005, Melbourne, Australia. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Previous research show that written English words and Chinese characters require different types of language processing (Hoosain & Osgood, 1983; Cheng, Yung, & Ng, 1988) as alphabetic words are based on spelling-to-sound rules, contrary to Chinese characters. However, the present experiment suggests that English and Chinese are both processed phonetically in immediate memory tasks and memory traces are represented at the phonemic level, which supports the Auto-Associative Neural Network model of short-term memory (Chappel & Humphreys, 1994). The experiment replicates Tehan and Humphreys' (1998) third experiment but with Chinese characters and English words. Furthermore, the pattern of interference appears to be different for Chinese and English dominant subjects. Particularly, phonological interference is larger for the English dominant group in both Chinese and English tasks. It is suggested that English dominant group used mainly a phonetic coding strategy whilst the Chinese group used a visual/phonetic strategy. A second study will be carried out to study coding differences between Chinese, mixed and English dominant subjects and the relationship between phonological coding and reading comprehension.

Item ID: 28799
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
Keywords: bilingualism, proactive interference, English, Chinese
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Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2013 02:26
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1702 Cognitive Science > 170204 Linguistic Processes (incl Speech Production and Comprehension) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 50%
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