Mapping a new colony: the geographical construction of Queensland 1860-1880

Griggs, Peter (2004) Mapping a new colony: the geographical construction of Queensland 1860-1880. The Globe: Journal of The Australian Map Circle, 56. pp. 25-40.

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Queensland formally separated from New South Wales in December 1859. The new colonial government had jurisdiction over approximately 1.72 million square kilometres, or 22.5 per cent of the Australian landmass. Official responsibility for producing maps of the new colony (except hydrographic charts) between 1860 and 1880 rested with the Survey Branch of the Queensland Department of Lands. Other motivated individuals and firms, mostly surveyors, book publishers and specialist map and atlas publishers, also produced maps of the new colony.

The first part of this paper will examine who produced maps during this period under review. This discussion will outline some of the challenges faced by those making maps in an era when lithography still used limestone stones. The subjects mapped and the types of maps produced in Queensland between 1860 and 1880 will be considered in the second part of the paper. Despite enormous difficulties, including a lack of equipment and limited numbers of lithographers and surveyors, a wide array of maps were produced in Queensland between 1860 and 1880. Subjects mapped included the entire colony, major towns, railway routes, electoral and pastoral districts and the evolving cadastre.

Item ID: 287
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0311-3930
Keywords: Queensland, maps, surveying, Thomas Ham, lithography, Augustus Charles Gregory, William Alcock Tully, Leopold Landsberg, cadastral maps, cadastre, Edward Stanford, atlas, John Bartholomew
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2006
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1604 Human Geography > 160403 Social and Cultural Geography @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950503 Understanding Australias Past @ 100%
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