Political ecology in planning for island tourism in global climate change: exploring methodologies in the Philippines

Maguigad, Virgilio M. (2013) Political ecology in planning for island tourism in global climate change: exploring methodologies in the Philippines. In: Joint AESOP / ACSP Congress Dublin 2013. pp. 1-14. From: Joint AESOP and ACSP Congress 2013: planning for resilient cities and regions, 15-19 July, 2013, Dublin, Ireland. (Unpublished)

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Tourism is a mainstay of Philippine economic policy and development since the 1970’s with its numerous islands as natural tourist destinations. However, further intensification of tourism activities is taking place in an environment of global climate change with rising sea levels, intensification of tropical storms, and climate-related disasters documented to impact small islands where the country is among countries most at risk (PCCC, 2011). Tourism as an economic sector is expected to be impacted by climate change.

The Philippines’ enactment of the Tourism Policy Act 2009, Climate Change Act 2009, and the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act 2010 provide the legal framework for local governments to address these issues at the local government planning level. However, it is not clear how local stakeholders in these areas are supposed to interact and integrate climate change into a unified process considering that the Philippines is one of the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change (Penalba et al., 2012).

This paper explores the use of political ecology as a framework for analysis in mainstreaming climate change adaptation in islands with significant tourism activity. Political ecology is defined as "combining the concerns of ecology and a broadly defined political economy that encompasses the shifting dialectic between society, land-based resources, and within classes of a given society" (Blaikie and Brookfield, 1987). Political ecology is also extensively used to examine the dynamics of place, unequal economic and political power, access to resources, vulnerability of the poor, with nature (Bryant, 1998, Nygren and Rikoon, 2009).

The research is an ongoing PhD candidacy project with research sites in Batan Island, Boracay Island, and Samal Island in the Philippines, and is timed when the Philippines seeks to adapt to climate change and integrate adaptation into various levels of governance for important economic sectors, specifically into planning of tourism in islands.

Item ID: 28264
Item Type: Conference Item (Non-Refereed Research Paper)
Keywords: political ecology, Philippines, island tourism planning, climate change
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Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2013 04:03
FoR Codes: 12 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 1205 Urban and Regional Planning > 120504 Land Use and Environmental Planning @ 40%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change @ 20%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1604 Human Geography > 160402 Recreation, Leisure and Tourism Geography @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures @ 50%
87 CONSTRUCTION > 8701 Construction Planning > 870103 Regional Planning @ 20%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970115 Expanding Knowledge in Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services @ 30%
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