Species richness and distribution of azooxanthellate Scleractinia in Brazil

Visentini Kitahara, Marcelo (2007) Species richness and distribution of azooxanthellate Scleractinia in Brazil. Bulletin of Marine Science, 81 (3). pp. 497-518.

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The azooxanthellate Scleractinia from Brazilian waters are reviewed based on examination of museum specimens and current literature, indicating the occurrence of 59 species, including the first southern Atlantic description of: Caryophyllia berteriana Duchassaing, 1850, Caryophyllia crypta Cairns, 2000, Caryophyllia scobinosa Alcock, 1902, and Dendrophyllia alternata Pourtalès, 1880. A checklist of all species, including first reported occurrence, relevant literature, survey vessel, position and depth range data, and water masses within which Brazilian azoox-anthellate Scleractinia occur, are provided. An identification key is proposed and almost all species discussed in this document are illustrated. Distributional patterns of deep-sea corals from Brazil as well as other geographical areas are briefly discussed, and a strong affinity with those Scleractinia from the Caribbean waters is demonstrated. A diagnosis for the species first time described for the southern Atlantic is provided.

Item ID: 2787
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1553-6955
Keywords: species richness; azooxanthellate scleractinia; scleractinia; Brazil
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Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2009 23:05
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060399 Evolutionary Biology not elsewhere classified @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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