Dame Maud McCarthy (1859–1949): Matron-in-Chief, British expeditionary forces France and Flanders, First World War

Shields, Rosemary, and Shields, Linda (2016) Dame Maud McCarthy (1859–1949): Matron-in-Chief, British expeditionary forces France and Flanders, First World War. Journal of Medical Biography, 24 (4). pp. 507-517.

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Abstract

Emma Maud McCarthy was one of the most decorated nurses of the First World War. Born in Sydney in 1859, she trained as a nurse at The London Hospital in England. She was one of the first nurses to go to the South African War and in 1914 was one of the first members of Queen Alexandra's Imperial Nursing Service. Maud McCarthy went to France as Matron-in-Chief of British, Colonial and US nursing services until the end of hostilities in 1918. After the First World War she became Matron-in-Chief of the Territorial Army Nursing Service and retired five years later. She was appointed Dame Grand Cross in 1918 and earned awards from Britain, France, Belgium and America. Her influence on nursing was profound. One of the first senior nurses to recognise the impact of war on minds, she set up separate units for men who had self-harmed and she pioneered nurse anaesthetists in the British Armed Forces. Dame Maud McCarthy was an administrator par excellence whose determination to provide the best conditions possible for both her nurses and the men for whom they cared made possible the highest standards of nursing care in the First World War.

Item ID: 27762
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1758-1087
Keywords: nursing history, First World War, Australian medical history, British medical history
Funders: Australian Army History Unit
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2015 04:29
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified @ 40%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2103 Historical Studies > 210303 Australian History (excl Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History) @ 20%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2103 Historical Studies > 210305 British History @ 40%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology @ 50%
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